Caramelized Onion & Apple Chutney with Dates & Walnuts

Hello Friend! This blog post is as much for me as it is for you.

Every autumn, when our apples ripen, I cobble together some sort of chutney using a variety of recipes that have the ingredients and spices I like or have to hand. I never write down what I’m doing, and I’m always hastily adjusting quantities and second-guessing if I have the right ratio of fruit/vegetables, sugar and acid.

This year, I remembered to be sensible and record my research and final recipe. My future self thanks me in advance, and you’re very welcome too.

Basic Chutney Recipe

As long as you follow a basic formula, chutney is endlessly adaptable and can easily be doubled or tripled. You can use most any fruit or vegetable and a variety of spices.

Along with canning, the acidity of chutney prevents spoilage. This acidity is derived from vinegar and the natural acids of the fruit.

Don’t sway wildly away from the basic ratios below, but there is some leeway. I taste as I go, especially towards the end, keeping in mind that the flavors will develop and mature over the following weeks and months.

  • 17.5 oz apples (weight is after peeling and coring)
  • 17.5 oz onions (weighed is after peeling and removing tough ends)
  • 35.25 any other fruit or vegetable (could also be more apples or onions)
  • 6.5 oz dried fruit
  • 12.35 oz sugar (brown or white)
  • 1.5 cups vinegar (apple cider or white vinegar, balsamic is not recommended for chutney)
  • 2 tbsp preferred spices
  • 1 tbsp salt

Note: If using sweeter vegetables like carrots, you can reduce the amount of sugar. Similarly, if using acidic ingredients like tomatoes, you can add sugar or slightly reduce the quantity of vinegar. I didn’t know this the first time I made chutney using a glut of green tomatoes left over at the end of summer. I love tart foods, but I learned a lip-puckering lesson that year for sure.

The National Center for Home Food Preservation has more information on Preservation Principles in Chutney and Principles of Home Canning.

Caramelized Onion & Apple Chutney with Dates & Walnuts


Below are the ingredients I used to approximate the above ratios, tasting and testing right till the end.

I used less sugar because dates are quite a lot sweeter than most dried fruit. I am fond of tart foods, so I amped up the vinegar to suit my own tastes and added some tamarind paste. I also added walnuts, which doesn’t affect the sugar/acidity balance too much. And my spice combination went a teensy bit over the basic 2 tbsp but, again, that won’t affect the chutney from a preservation perspective.

Photo by Vera De on Unsplash
  • 3.25 lbs onions, red or yellow, evenly diced
  • 1.25 lbs apples (tart, like Granny Smith, Braeburn or Pink Lady)
  • 4 oz de-pitted Medjool dates, chopped small
  • 1.5 oz raisins (can chop in half or quarter if preferred but not necessary)
  • 10.5 oz brown sugar
  • 1.5 cups apple cider vinegar
  • 0.25 cups white wine vinegar
  • 1 tbsp salt
  • 1 tbsp tamarind paste
  • 2 tbsp preferred spices (I used 2 tsp coriander, 1.5 tsp cumin, 1 tsp turmeric powder, 0.5 tsp fenugreek powder, 0.5 tsp ginger powder, 0.5 Spanish paprika, 0.5 tsp coarse black pepper, 1/8 tsp cardamom powder, and a little grating of fresh nutmeg)
  • 6.5 oz walnuts, roughly chopped (I like to toast the walnuts for a deeper flavor, but it’s not necessary)


Step 1: Caramelize Onions (12hrs 10 mins)

Normally, I prefer to caramelize onions on the stovetop. For recipes that call for a lot of onions, it’s easier and less hands-on to use a slow cooker if you have one. If you don’t have a crockpot, deeply caramelize onions in a heavy-bottomed pot before skipping to the next step.

  • Chop onions evenly to preferred size. Onions will reduce as they cook, but I still like to dice them small-medium.
  • Add to slow cooker with 2 tbsp olive oil. Cover and cook on low for approx. 12 hours, stirring occasionally, esp. towards the end. If there’s a lot of liquid, you can remove the lid for the last hour or so.

Step 2: Prep Remaining Ingredients & Cook ‘Em Up! (1.5-2hrs)

  • Weigh and prep remaining ingredients (chop apples, toast walnuts if choosing to toast etc.).
  • Combine everything except walnuts in a large, heavy-bottomed pot and stir in the caramelized onions.
  • Bring to a boil over medium heat then reduce heat and simmer until mixture reaches a jam-like consistency. This can take from 45 mins to 1.5 hrs, depending on how much moisture is released by the fruit you’re using. Some apples will break down completely and some will hold their shape and release less liquid. You can tell the chutney is ready by running a wooden spoon through the mixture. Your spoon should briefly leave a channel in the mixture, and there shouldn’t be liquid pooling into the space.
  • When the chutney is ready, stir in the walnuts and cook briefly to heat through.

Step 3: Sterilize Jars & Can Chutney in Water Bath

Some folks say that the acidity of chutney is preservation enough and canning is not needed. I am not one of those donuts and, since I can’t measure the pH of my recipes, I always can chutney in a boiling water bath.

  • Sterilize jars and lids while the chutney is simmering away.
  • When chutney is ready, fill hot chutney into hot jars, leaving 1/2 inch headspace. Remove air bubbles and adjust headspace if needed. Wipe rims of jars with a dampened clean paper towel.  Apply and adjust prepared canning lids.
  • Bring water bath to a boil. Lower jars gently into water and return to a boil. Process in a boiling water canner according to the recommendations below (timing begins when the water bath is at a boil, not when you lower jars into the water).
  • Turn off heat and let jars sit in water bath for 10 minutes. Remove and let cool, undisturbed, 12 to 24 hours, listening out for the pop that tells you the lids have sealed.
  • Refrigerate any leftover chutney from filling jars and enjoy freshly made! Refrigerate the canned chutney once jars are opened for use.
Jar SizeProcess Time at Altitude ofProcess Time at Altitude ofProcess Time at Altitude of
0 – 1,000 ft1,001 – 6,000 ftAbove 6,000 ft
Pints10 mins15 mins20 mins

Creamy Vegan Hungarian Mushroom Soup

It’s November, somehow. Not quite sure when or how that happened.

Not enough to say it’s been windy and raining. The air and sky seem sentient. Discontent and disappointed in us for making them this way, they thrash against the windowpanes and refuse to let us sleep at night.

On the other hand, there are mushrooms! Dozens of them dotting the pasture and woods behind our home, moving in and taking over the raised beds that just a few weeks ago were still home to the last of the tomatoes.

Mabel, our feisty little mallard, doesn’t know what to do with herself, darting through the wet grass to nip off their heads and nibble the stems back down to the dirt. Who knew mushrooms were a delicacy to ducks? You learn something new and delightful every day. Or maybe it’s just Mabes.

Browsing the web I came across this little piece in Nautilus where a microbial ecologist reflects on Sylvia Plath’s poem “Mushrooms.” Do I like Sylvia Plath now, having never cared for her too much before? Not quite sure how that happened either. Or maybe it’s just this one poem.


Overnight, very
Whitely, discreetly,
Very quietly

Our toes, our noses
Take hold on the loam,
Acquire the air.

Nobody sees us,
Stops us, betrays us;
The small grains make room.

Soft fists insist on
Heaving the needles,
The leafy bedding,

Even the paving.
Our hammers, our rams,
Earless and eyeless,

Perfectly voiceless,
Widen the crannies,
Shoulder through holes. We

Diet on water,
On crumbs of shadow,
Bland-mannered, asking

Little or nothing.
So many of us!
So many of us!

We are shelves, we are
Tables, we are meek,
We are edible,

Nudgers and shovers
In spite of ourselves.
Our kind multiplies:

We shall by morning
Inherit the earth.
Our foot’s in the door.

Sylvia Plath

Creamy Vegan Hungarian Mushroom Soup

Ducks and poetry aside, I made quite a delectable mushroom soup by combining my favorite elements from a few other recipes and making it vegan, of course. I don’t normally inflict my amateurish concoctions on innocent people–but this one’s worth contriving a blog post for.

Nutritional yeast has a creamy texture and, when toasted, becomes wonderfully nutty and savory, deepening the delicious umami profile of this wonderful wintery-time dish.

In fact, mushrooms can deliver some much needed vitamin D in the dark and dreary winter months! Similar to humans, mushrooms naturally produce vitamin D after exposure to sunlight. When I have the time, I like to place sliced mushrooms on a sunny windowsill or countertop for a few hours before cooking.


  • 1/2 cup nutritional yeast
  • 1/2 cup flour (or sweet rice flour for gluten free)
  • 16oz mixed mushrooms (I used crimini, shiitake & portobello)
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 1 medium onion finely chopped
  • 3-4 cloves garlic thinly sliced
  • 1/4 cup dry white wine (optional)
  • 5 cups water, vegetable broth, or preferred vegan broth (I like Better Than Bouillon No Chicken Base)
  • 1 tbsp Hungarian style sweet paprika (or Hungarian style half-sharp paprika for more of a bite)
  • 2 tsp dried dill
  • 1 tsp dried sage
  • 1/2 tsp coarse black pepper (or more or less to taste)
  • Leaves from 4-5 sprigs of fresh thyme or 1 tsp dried thyme
  • 1 tbsp soy
  • 1/4 cup raw cashews
  • 1 tbsp red or white miso paste


Step 1

  • Soak raw cashews in half a cup of hot water and set aside (this is especially important if you don’t have a powerful blender).
  • In a large heavy-bottomed pot or Dutch Oven, gently toast the nutritional yeast and flour over medium heat for about 5 minutes. Stir occasionally until the yeast is slightly browned and smells nutty. Pour into a bowl and set aside.

Step 2

  • Wipe out the pot then heat olive oil over medium-high heat. Arrange mushrooms in a single layer and cook, undisturbed, until browned underneath, about 3-4 minutes. Stir and continue to cook, tossing occasionally, until golden brown all over, about 5–7 minutes longer. Don’t rush this step–caramelization equals more umami flavor! Using a slotted spoon, transfer mushrooms to a plate, leaving oil behind (if there is too little oil left, you may need to add a touch more to the pot).
  • Lower heat to medium. Add onion to pot and season with a little salt. Cook, stirring often, until very soft, 8–10 minutes. Add garlic and continue to cook for 2-3 minutes. Don’t let garlic burn–aim for golden brown and slightly softened.
  • Add wine and cook until almost completely evaporated (about 1 minute).
  • Add the flour-nutritional yeast mixture to the pot, stir to coat the onions, then slowly whisk in a cup of broth (or water). This ensures a smooth mixture without any clumps of flour.
  • Add remaining broth/water and return mushrooms to pot. Add herbs, spices, and soy sauce. Bring soup to a gentle simmer.

Step 3

  • Transfer 2 cups soup (including some mushrooms) to a blender. Drain cashews and add to blender along with miso. Purée until very smooth and creamy.
  • Stir blended mixture back into soup. Simmer, stirring occasionally, until flavors have married, 10–15 minutes. Season to taste. If soup is too thin for your liking, you can thicken with cornstarch. Or, if the soup is too thick you can add a little water or plant-milk (oat milk, soy or almond milk would work best).
  • Serve hot with a dollop of vegan sour cream and a rustic country bread or sourdough.

    Soup will keep for up to a week, refrigerated. I have not tried freezing–I imagine the texture of the mushrooms would change a little when thawed. If you prefer a silky smooth and creamy soup, it’s perfectly fine to puree the entire soup in batches–it’s fantastic either way!

Activism for Introverts: Become a Penpal with an Incarcerated Person

Writing to an incarcerated person is a powerful act of solidarity that perceives the humanity of people on the inside of the prison industrial complex. Letter writing also offers introverts a meaningful, consistent action that makes a difference and suits our personality type.

“And maybe
there are small
cracks in our walls
and we start to see
a sliver of light
shine through

in each other”
― Yusef Salaam, Punching the Air

Activism Is Consistent Action

Recently I came across the work of Omkari Williams, whose conception of activism really resonated with me. She says:

My definition of activism probably isn’t the one you’re going to find in the dictionary. For me being an activist means that you are someone who takes consistent action….to advance a cause that you are passionate about. For me the size of the action isn’t the point, what matters is that you are regularly taking action to make a difference.

Omkari Williams

Sometimes, the actions I take on issues or causes close to my heart feel somewhat sporadic, haphazard, and not at all consistent.

A natural introvert, living with anxiety and depression, makes me…well…pretty fookin’ flaky to be perfectly honest. I not only have a tendency to cancel plans with friends at the last minute; I’ve also signed up for interactive activist events with the best of intentions but ultimately haven’t followed through.

I love the idea of “consistent action”, but I find it challenging to authentically commit to practices that I can meaningfully incorporate into my life and are more suited to my personality type.

The only form of activism that feels truly consistent and completely integrated into my day-to-day life is being vegan. Three times a day, at breakfast, lunch, and dinner, I boycott the oppression and exploitation of non-human animals. Whether I’m brushing my teeth with cruelty-free toothpaste or shopping for a pair of shoes that haven’t been made from a living being’s skin, I am consistently committed to my values of compassion, justice and non-violence for all.

It wasn’t always this way, however. Though my consciousness had been raised to this form of injustice, it took some time for me to change my consumption habits and consistently refuse to fund or knowingly contribute to the oppression of non-human animals.

These days, being vegan is as unconscious and automatic as breathing. But this now consistent action didn’t happen overnight. It helps to remember this when nurturing any new practice, but particularly when it comes to taking action on other issues that I care about but am less certain as to how I can personally show up on a regular and authentic basis.

A year into the pandemic, (outside of my job) the only thing I do on a regular basis is reading, gardening, embroidery, and writing letters and postcards to family in Ireland and friends all over. As a child I had many penpals, and my love of letter writing has continued into adulthood, especially since I moved to the United States.

With all of this in mind–my introverted nature, my desire to take consistent action on issues that I care about, and my existing love of letter writing–I started researching how to become a penpal with an incarcerated person, i.e. a person on the literal inside of the prison industrial complex.

What is the Prison Industrial Complex?

The Prison Industrial Complex is a multifaceted, for-profit system and an intrinsic component of white supremacy and institutionalized racism.

Mariame Kaba (aka @PrisonCulture on Twitter) has been the source of most everything I’ve come to know about the Prison Industrial Complex. She presents several definitions of the Prison Industrial Complex (PIC) on her website, including the following:

“The prison industrial complex is a system situated at the intersection of government and private interests. It uses prisons as a solution to social, political and economic problems. It includes human rights violations, the death penalty, slave labor, policing, courts, the media, political prisoners and the elimination of dissent.”

Huey Freeman

CARA (Communities Against Rape and Abuse) explains that the PIC is “a massive multi-billion dollar industry that promotes the exponential expansion of prisons, jails, immigrant detention centers, and juvenile detention centers. The PIC is represented by corporations that profit from incarceration, politicians who target people of color so that they appear to be “tough on crime,” and the media that represents a slanted view of how crime looks in our communities.”

“In order to survive,” says CARA, “the PIC uses propaganda to convince the public how much we need prisons; uses public support to strengthen harmful law-and-order agendas such as the “War on Drugs” and the “War on Terrorism”; uses these agendas to justify imprisoning disenfranchised people of color, poor people, and people with disabilities; leverages the resulting increasing rate of incarceration for prison-related corporate investments (construction, maintenance, goods and services); pockets the profit; and uses profit to create more propaganda.”

The very existence of the prison forecloses the kinds of discussions that we need in order to imagine the possibility of eradicating these behaviors.

Just send them to prison. Just keep on sending them to prison. Then of course, in prison they find themselves within a violent institution that reproduces violence.

Angela Davis, Freedom Is A Constant Struggle

A State of Mind

In a 1998 article in The Atlantic, Eric Schlosser states that the prison-industrial complex (PIC) is not only a set of interest groups and institutions: it is also a state of mind.

We are all inside the prison industrial complex.

This is what I’ve come to understand. The most marginalized and oppressed are on the literal inside, but all of us are socialized and inculcated within this violent, cynical and exploitative system. The most marginalized and oppressed are both physically and mentally policed, but all of us have unwittingly–and uncritically–accepted the curtailing of our values and the policing of our imaginations.

Says Mariame Kaba:

Have people been offered a vision of public safety that doesn’t include police? If not, why not? The fact that police abolition is unthinkable to so many people is profoundly dangerous. It means that police have so thoroughly colonized and dominated our thinking that we are unable to even imagine a world where they don’t exist. The fact is that we haven’t always had police. What makes us believe that we always will–or that we always will have to?

To Stop Police Violence, We Need Better Questions–and Bigger Demands

Breaking free from limited–and limiting–thinking is challenging, especially when it comes to violence and oppression that is so normalized as to appear natural and valuable as well as inevitable. But it is possible.

Another world is possible. Another way of relating to each other is possible. Part of that process is recognizing the reality and humanity of incarcerated people on the literal inside of the prison industrial complex. Writing to an incarcerated person is an affirmative act of solidarity and recognition that may seem like a small act but is in fact quite powerful.


By Why? I mean a couple of different things:

Why is writing to an incarcerated person a powerful act? And why, fellow introverts, do you want to do this–what’s your motivation?

Why Write To An Incarcerated Person?

As Heather Mytelka explains in her invaluable Resource for Writing to Incarcerated People, writing to an incarcerated person is a way to resist and reject the carceral state’s reliance on isolation as a tool for oppression.

“Letter writing can be a form of harm reduction,” says Mytelka, and is often “a lifeline for imprisoned people–especially queer, trans, and gender non-conforming people and those living with HIV/AIDS, who are more likely to experience violence and solitary confinement.”

While fighting to abolish the prison industrial complex, we can’t forget to reaffirm the humanity on the inside. We must work to develop empathy and understanding for people impacted by mass criminalization and center our actions and writings on their voices. By strengthening our connection to incarcerated people we can uplift incarcerated leadership, learn from their experiences, and engage with abolition in a meaningful way.

Heather Mytelka, Resources for Writing to Incarcerated People

Writing a letter to an incarcerated person is meaningful for the same reasons writing a letter to any person is meaningful.

In the age of social media and instant text messages, there is something deeply personal and powerful about sending or receiving a letter. Letters take time, thought and a little extra effort to compose and mail. Taking the time to put pen to paper and stock up on stamps demonstrates genuine care and interest.

Letters are tactile artifacts designed to be held in human hands. The physicality of a handwritten message on a piece of paper conveys not only words but a sensory trace of the person whose hands moved across the page, folded it in half, and carried the envelope in their purse or coat pocket to the mail box or post office on a sunny or snowy day.

Always, but especially now with COVID-19 putting a halt to in-person visitations, letters are a literal lifeline for people in prison. Writing a letter to–or receiving a letter from–an incarcerated person allows two human beings to physically connect in some small way across space and time. When the prison industrial complex relies on dehumanization to legitimize its existence, this seemingly simple act is in fact one of transgression and refusal to curtail and withhold our compassion.

Why Do You Want To Write To An Incarcerated Person?

Introverts, in case it’s not clear: this post is not a pop-mag listicle of “101 Hobbies for the Socially Awkward!”

If you’re in search of a past-time in line with your personality, that’s fine and I fully understand: but please don’t use incarcerated people as a hobby or vehicle for your introversion.

If all you want is a penpal but you’re not interested in grappling with the wider issues or working on transforming your conception of justice, I suggest you look elsewhere for someone to write to. I don’t mean to be rude, and perhaps this all goes without saying, but I think it’s important to interrogate our intentions and understand what’s motivating us to write to an incarcerated person.

Too, for those who want to write to an incarcerated person as a form of activism, I think there is an equal risk of objectifying people, using them as a means to an end, or relating to them purely as a tool for our own ‘activist’ purposes. Not only is this patronizing and self-serving, it centers our own ego at the cost of someone else’s humanity.

Writing letters to incarcerated people can be a meaningful act of solidarity, but should neither be a mere hobby or an act of charity.

Writing letters to incarcerated people can be a meaningful act of solidarity, but should neither be a mere hobby or an act of charity. I encourage you (and myself!) to learn the ongoing history of incarceration, criminalization, systemic racism, and the prison industrial complex.

Think about the ways that you–which is to say I, which is to say all us of–have personally bought into and perpetuated the idea of policing and prisons as an unavoidable and ‘safest’ solution.

Having said all that, introversion is a real thing and not all of us can (ever or always) participate in traditional forms of direct action. Like Omkari Williams said, the size of the action isn’t important, what matters is that we are regularly taking action to make a difference.

Writing to an incarcerated person can be a meaningful act of solidarity and interconnection that also satisfies an introvert’s real need for time spent alone in silence, reflection or creativity.

(Introverts should bear in mind the privilege inherent in choosing when and whether to be alone or in a group. Neither those who are crammed into appallingly overcrowded prisons or those who are punished in the physical and mental torture that is solitary confinement have the luxury of such autonomy.)

So, what does writing to an incarcerated person look like exactly? And how do you find a person to write to?

I wanted my letters to be a familiar voice in a new city, a blues
song replayed in a strange village. On occasion, I sent and received
letters from friends in prison. They liked to call letters kites. 
For them, ink and blank pages were at a high premium. Their letters 
were usually full of promises, epiphanies, and requests for poetry.

I would return their kites with shout-outs from the city. Here, I 
would say, fly the kite for a day, if not your full sentence.

-Willy Perdomo 

Find A Person To Write To

On her list of 9 Solidarity Commitments to/with Incarcerated People for 2021, Mariame Kaba advocates writing at least six letters to an incarcerated person this year. I encourage you to read the full list, which offers many valuable insights and calls to action, as well as suggestions for finding people to write to:

I initially signed up to be a pen pal through Beyond These Walls because it works with prisoners based in the Pacific Northwest, where I live.

Recently, I heard that Abolition Apostles has an urgent need for more volunteer pen-pals so I have also signed up through that organization which was a very easy process (note, this organization is a Christian ministry but it is not necessary to be Christian or otherwise religious to be a pen-pal through their program).

Heather Mytelka’s Resource for Writing to Incarcerated People contain’s state-specific resources and links for certain kinds of incarcerated people, such as immigrants and refugees, LGBTQ+ people, political prisoners, and more.

How To Write To A Person In Prison

Once you’ve found a person to write to, here are some things to think about before taking pen to paper.

Establish Expectations

It can be genuinely heart-breaking for a person on the inside when their new pen pal loses interest after a short time. For this reason, several organizations I reviewed requested a minimum time commitment (typically one year, though not always).

As Heather Mytelka explains, writing to an incarcerated person can take several forms:

An ongoing letter exchange can take the form of friendship, mentorship, offering support, collaboration, journaling–just make your intentions clear and invite conversation.

If you don’t have the capacity for an ongoing letter exchange, write a general letter of support to an incarcerated person. A one-time letter sharing words of encouragement, poem excerpts, supportive messages, drawings, or general support can all make a positive impact on the mental health and well-being of someone on the inside.

Sister Helen Prejean’s tips for writing to people in prison also emphasizes the importance of making your intentions clear upfront: “If you just want to send a one-off note of support, make that clear so you don’t raise expectations – you could include something like “No need to respond, I just wanted to let you know I’m thinking of you.”

There’s no right or wrong way to do this–a one-time letter of support is absolutely fine. It’s just important to take some time to set intentions and reflect upon your motivations and capacity before signing up to be a pen pal.

Ensure Your Letter Reaches Its Destination

Though it may be frustrating for all concerned, it’s important to follow the prison’s rules so that your letter is actually delivered to the person you’re writing to.

Every state has its own rules about writing to prisoners, so make sure to do some independent research before sealing the envelope. Most of these rules would never have occurred to me in a million years and are just further proof of how arbitrarily punitive the system is. Regardless, here are some almost universal requirements/guidelines according to Sister Prejean:

  • Address your letter correctly, making sure to include the prisoner number.
  • Write your name and address both on the envelope and on the enclosed letter.
  • Do not enclose anything with your card or letter unless it complies with the prison’s guidelines. Usually, a photo or a news clipping is acceptable, but nothing else is, including stamps. The best approach is to send nothing but your letter the first time and ask your correspondent what is and isn’t acceptable in their prison.
  • Don’t use scented stationery or attach stickers or glitter. It’s surprising the sort of things that can prevent your letter from being delivered.
  • If you want to send a book or stationery to a prisoner, do not send it directly. Instead, purchase the item from an established bookstore and have them send it to the prisoner. Many small bookstores, unfortunately, do not mail goods to prisons, but Barnes and Noble and Powell’s Books do. [NOTE: Because Amazon no longer includes receipts in all the packages it sends, do not use Amazon. Most prisons require that a receipt accompanies the book and books mailed from Amazon often get returned.]
  • Do not send hardback books or ring-bound books. These get treated as if they are weapons!
  • Your correspondence may be opened by the prison. Don’t say anything that could cause repercussions for your correspondent, such as disparaging remarks about prison officials. Sexual or violent content is likely to prevent your letter from being delivered.

Heather Mytelka’s list of Do’s & Don’ts is also very helpful. For instance: DO be authentic and mindful of possible language barriers and mixed literacy levels. DON’T treat writing as an act of charity or speak down to incarcerated people.

I also found the following resources super helpful when starting my own research:

Additional Reading & Resources

Activism for Introverts: Activism 101 for Introverts + Highly Sensitive People with Omkari Williams

Today, Badass Cross Stitch announced the next training in their How To Be A Good Human initiative. I signed up right away and am super excited for May!

Join me and REGISTER HERE!

My definition of activism probably isn’t the one you’re going to find in the dictionary. For me being an activist means that you are someone who takes consistent action, whether in front of the scenes or way behind the scenes, to advance a cause that you are passionate about. For me the size of the action isn’t the point, what matters is that you are regularly taking action to make a difference. That’s my definition of activism.

Omkari Williams

As an introvert who lives with depression and anxiety, most forms of traditional activism are uncomfortable, stressful, and sometimes terrifying. I know I’m not alone in feeling that way.

However, introverts are passionate people and crucial components of a social change ecosystem, and there is a lot we can do besides marching on the streets or participating in more intense and visible forms of direct action.

Increasingly, I do feel compelled to challenge myself to take actions outside my comfort zone. But events like this are very validating for those of us who sometimes feel that our introverted nature means that we cannot be “real” activists.

This workshop will give you a structure that you can use to build your personalized plan for consistent, meaningful activism. You’ll discover your activist archetype, connect to your origin story (what propelled you to want to make change), and figure out where you fit on the spectrum of activism.”

Badass Cross Stitch


Sat, May 8, 2021
11:00 AM – 1:30 PM PDT (2.5 hours via Zoom)

This is a pay-what-you-can event. 100% of the donations go to expert facilitator, Omkari Williams.

About Omkari Williams

Omkari Williams is a speaker, coach for activists both experienced and new, a writer, and host of the podcast Stepping Into Truth: Conversations on Race, Gender, and Social Justice. She says, “Our stories are bridges and foundational in creating societal change. Leveraging the power of our collective stories creates meaningful change and helps bring justice to the world.”

About the How To Be A Good Human Series

This is a radical skill share series conceived and presented by Shannon Downey aka Badass Cross Stitch for folks who want to do more in service to a just world, but feel unsure where to start.

Activism for Introverts: Craftivism 101 – Climate Change w/ Badass Cross Stitch

Greetings introverts and craftivists, and a very happy new year to you too!

Just a brief post to share an event I signed up for and am very excited about this month.

Thanks to the generous support of the Center for Craft, the amazing Badass Cross Stitch will be working in collaboration with the Museum of Design, Atlanta GA to deliver FREE monthly Craftivism workshops. Each month will focus on a different topic. This month they will be exploring climate change.

The workshop includes an intro to Craftivism and a full embroidery 101 workshop.

You will be learning AND making a fabulous piece of fiber art in community with other rad humans. Fun guaranteed.

Badass Cross Stitch

The first event in the series is Wednesday, January 20th 4-6pm PST / 6-8pm CT / 7-9pm EST.

You can Register Here.

Do it!

Ragtag & Sundry Sunday

A miscellaneous news and reading roundup (or: an enthusiastic summary of the most interesting, weird and worthwhile ways I procrastinated on the worldwide web this week).

TRUTH BE TOLD, I drifted into another extended period of depression, and haven’t been reading or listening to anything meaningful in quite a long time.

Instead, I’ve been doom scrolling, and binge watching lowkey steamy medical dramas or–worse–not even watching them but just streaming them in the background, like a white noise machine, but a white noise machine that instead of balmy breezes or summer rain plays the breathy, squelchy sounds of interns fondling each other in surgical supply closets interspersed with the sustained, solid beep of a cardiac flatline.

(Which is a thing that exists, sort of. Check out these hospital sound effects on Soundsnap: the swift finality of a blood pressure armband being ripped off is particular satisfying to my ears but, like I said, I’ve been a bit down lately.)

DEPRESSION IS A WILY ONE. Somehow, it convinced me that the doom scrolling and binge watching would stop once I started to feel better. When of course (of course!), the binge watching and the doom scrolling (comforting as they undoubtedly are in the moment) are only making things worse.

So, this week, I did my days differently and, lo and behold, I feel a little more myself and don’t crave sugar or oblivion quite as much. Fantastic!

For starters, after years of ‘deactivating’ only to sign back in a few days later, I finally officially deleted my Facebook account. Like deleted deleted, gone forever. Gah!

Not sure if there’s a quantifiable correlation, but that same weekend I binge-read an entire novel–N.K. Jemisin’s fantastic The Fifth Season–and was stuck into the second book in the series by Tuesday evening.

And, instead of streaming deliciously mediocre TV shows in the background while I work my day-job, I’ve started to play the podcasts I’ve been meaning to listen to for months and months.


SOMETHING DEEP AND FORGOTTEN FLUTTERED INSIDE ME as I listened to authors N.K. Jemisin and Saidiya Hartman in conversation with Kimberlé Crenshaw on this episode of Intersectionality Matters, an initiative of The African American Policy Forum.

It’s a tired and racist cliche for educated, intelligent people of color to be described by whites as ‘articulate,’ but my throat ached as I listened to these women describe their experience with such precision of language and contemplate their craft with such passion and purpose, and all I could think was, “They’re so fucking articulate. How do people think and talk like this?”

DEPRESSION–AND ITS ACCOMPANYING DEGENERATIVE HABITS–HAVE DULLED MY SENSES AND MY INTELLECT. I can’t think straight sometimes, let alone conceptualize or articulate the world the way they do. Basic words fall out of my head. I stammer and ramble through Zoom calls with my coworkers (at least I feel like I do). I used to be smart and inquisitive and capable of approaching complexity. Now I watch sixteen seasons of Grey’s Anatomy in a month. I’m so tired.

I have lost something that I used to have, or I put it down for a second thinking it would be there when I got back…. “And maybe it will,” I thought. “Maybe surrounding myself with creative, brilliant, critical minds will help me find my way back to the me that was by no means brilliant but was definitely not as dull and uninspired as I have allowed myself to become….”

I know (I really do know) that a podcast with three Black women discussing radical reimagination and becoming the authors of our own stories wasn’t made for me or with me in mind. And I took much more from the episode than I’m touching on here. But the hour spent in their sonic company was an aching inspiration, and the beginning of me pulling myself out of the quicksand to (hopefully) imagine my sad and somewhat diminished self anew.

It was nice, for a while, to look at beautiful actors playing beautiful doctors saving and losing lives. But I don’t want to lose my life to that noise. The fact that I’m off the couch and writing something–anything!–apart from a grocery list is a smidgen of proof that the things I’ve been consuming this week are generative in nature. Sure, it’s only a little blog post. But. The rusty cogs are creaking into gear. And it sounds good.

A Festive Vegan Feast

Far from being restrictive, limiting, bland or boring, a plant-based diet is abundant and full of flavor, variety, novelty and possibility. We can not only survive but thrive without using and abusing animals. So when delicious and compassionate alternatives are available to choose from, why wouldn’t we? 

For me, veganism is about what we embrace and say Yes to, as well as what we walk away from and say No More to. Before I became vegan, all I seemed to see were the things I’d be losing, the things I’d be giving up. These feelings resurfaced during my first holiday season as a fledgling vegan.

Veganism is about what we embrace and say Yes to, as well as what we walk away from and say No More to.

These days, I am so grateful for what I have gained. I no longer grieve for the things I’ve given up because those ‘things’ were not things–they were living, breathing being, and they were never mine to begin with.

As November rushes in, I know that the holidays will present certain challenges as a vegan in a non-vegan world. But I am more sure of this way of life than ever before, and I have more to celebrate than ever before.

If you’re a vegan looking for tasty, celebratory recipes (or a non-vegan that is hosting a plant-powered person and isn’t quite sure what to cook for them), here are some of my tried-and-true festive recipes and a few newbies I’m excited to try out this coming holiday season.

Celebratory Centerpieces

Everyone knows that Christmas and Thanksgiving are all about the side-dishes, but how beautiful and mouthwatering are these celebratory centerpieces?

If you can’t decide between them, then why not make two or, for that matter, three? I mean, as long as we’re breaking with tradition, we really can make this meal whatever we want it to be….

Chestnut & Cashew Vegan Nut Roast

I made this classic nut roast for my first vegan Christmas and at least two Thanksgivings.

It is tender, nutty and full of flavor. My family enjoyed it as a side-dish (they viewed it more like stuffing than a main meal, but they all agreed it was delicious and happily ate the leftovers over the next few days).

I highly recommend it, and will be making it year after year.

Chestnut and Cashew Vegan Nut Roast, by Thinly Spread

Stuffed Butternut Squash

There are endless variations of stuffed squash to choose from, including the Veg-Ducken for experienced cooks (or the very brave).

Stuffed with wild rice, spinach balsamic onions, roasted peppers, mushrooms and sundried tomatoes, this version by Avant-Garde Vegan looks incredible. I love Gaz Oakley’s cheerful enthusiasm, and seeing all the steps in a video makes this meal a little less daunting than it might initially seem.

Mushroom Wellington with Rosemary & Pecans

This plant-based take on the traditional dish comes highly recommended by a friend who has been making it for several years. The recipe is technically vegetarian with notes for vegan substitutions, such as an “egg-less wash” for achieving that golden glow on pastry dishes.

Mushroom Wellington with Rosemary and Pecans by Feasting at Home

Festive Portobello Mushroom Wellington

Another Wellington recipe from the BOSH boys. BOSH recipes never fail to deliver; this looks so cosy and flavorful!

Gaz Oakley’s No ‘Turkey’ Roast

I’m a fairly confident cook but I haven’t yet plucked up the courage to make anything involving homemade seitan. This looks amazing and totally worth the effort.

Definitely the most labor-intensive recipe of the bunch, but it can (and should) be made in advance, so I might rise to the challenge this Christmas (and fall back on one of the following pre-prepared options if it all goes pear shaped!)

Pre-Prepared Options

Not everyone has the time, energy or inclination to cook from scratch, especially if you are are the only vegan at the dinner table. Luckily, there are more and more tasty plant-based options on the market every year, so it should be relatively easy to find a vegan main to go with your sides.

Savory Sides

If you’re a vegan hosting for the holidays, you can be certain that your side-dishes are safe to eat. But if you’re a guest in someone else’s home, it’s not always the case that a vegetable dish is truly animal-friendly.

When you’re a new vegan, it’s important to remember that our friends and family aren’t mind-readers. And many people genuinely don’t know what being vegan even means (I know I didn’t).

Communication is key at any time but especially at the holidays.

Don’t be afraid to provide your host with a list of ingredients that are not vegan; even if they’re aware of things like eggs and dairy, they might not think about things like honey or that there are animal products lurking in condiments like Worcestershire Sauce or store-bought salad dressings.

If communication is stressful then come from a place of contribution and show up with a stunning side that’s safe for you to eat and will knock their socks off at the same time.

Unfortunately, some people are not receptive to facts and information about animal use and cruelty, but they will open their mind to a plant-based diet when they see how delicious it can be.

Having said that, if cooking isn’t your thing then don’t feel that you have to impress or influence anyone. Being vegan is about aligning your actions with your ethics and your side-dish will be perfect as long as it is a reflection of your values.

Maple Roasted Carrots with Cranberries

So beautiful! And a wonderful combination of color and flavor. Parsnips would work really well too, and you could always replace the almonds with toasted pumpkin seeds if allergies are an issue.

Maple Roasted Carrots with Cranberries, by Lazy Cat Kitchen

Miso Roasted Parsnips on Mustard Butter Bean Mash & Garlic

Oh man, the flavor profiles in this dish are out of this world. I laugh–muah ha ha ha–at anyone who thinks plant-based eating is bland and boring. I’m eating the best food of my life, thanks to good folks like Niki at Rebel Recipes who has a host of festive vegan recipes to make your mouth water.

Miso Roast Parsnip & Mustard Butter Bean Mash by Rebel Recipes

Roasted Squash Arugula Salad with Crispy Shallots, Macadamia Nut Cheese & Balsamic Reduction

Minimalist Baker is no longer fully plant-based, but she’s still one of my go-to food bloggers for incredible vegan dishes, like this lovely salad. Filling and satisfying yet somehow light and refreshing at the same time.

Roasted Squash Arugula Salad, by Minimalist Baker

The Best Vegan Mac & Cheese

Trust me. I’ve made this Mississippi Vegan creation on more than one occasion and it will be on our holiday table for sure this year. Creamy, cheesy, comfort food at its best. I love to top mine with Trader Joe’s crispy fried onion pieces–diviiiine!

The Best Vegan Mac & Cheese, by Mississippi Vegan

Simple Vegan Dinner Rolls

Pair Minimalist Baker’s perfectly fluffy dinner rolls with a plant-based butter or for mopping up a rich and savory vegan gravy.

The possibilities are endless:

You Say Potato, I Say…

Potatoes!!! More potatoes! All the potatoes! Potatoes, potatoes!

I’m not a big drinker, but when it comes to spuds I certainly live up to the Irish stereotype.

With so many delicious and creamy plant-based milks and butters to choose from, potato dishes are one of the easiest to make vegan without sacrificing taste or texture. Oat milk is my favorite, but almond milk is also a good option (coconut or hazelnut milk would not work as well for these dishes). Miyokos European Style cultured butter was an absolute game changer for me–I would choose it over dairy butter even if I weren’t vegan–and it’s now widely available. Earth Balance is also very good, but if you can afford to (and aren’t allergic to cashews), I would splurge on Miyokos for a special occasion.

Vegan Mashed Potatoes

Another keeper from Minimalist Baker. I recommend making a double batch of these creamy garlicy mashed potatoes because, no matter what else is on the dining table, this is definitely going to be the dish that keeps people coming back for more and more.

Vegan Mashed Potatoes, by Minimalist Baker

It’s All Gravy Baby….

A lot of folks lay claim to the holy grail title of Best Vegan Gravy.

I’m sure they’re all worthy contenders, but this liquid gold by High Vibe Lifestyle is my personal favorite. Not only is it the best vegan gravy I’ve ever had, it’s the best gravy I’ve ever had. Period.

Vegan Christmas Roast Potatoes & all the Trimmings

I adore Gaz Oakley, aka the Avant Garde Vegan. His enthusiasm is infectious and his kitchen skills are top notch. In this video, he cooks up the best crispy roast potatoes and all the trimmings, including roasted zesty sprouts, orange glazed carrots and pan-roasted maple parsnips… So good!

Decadent Desserts

I’m a savory gal and some years I don’t bother with dessert until the day after Christmas or Thanksgiving, much to the confusion and suspicion of everyone else in my family.

My mother-in-law is a wonderful baker and is happy to veganize the pumpkin pie for Thanksgiving, but when I host at Christmas I have my eye on these sweet beauties.

Pumpkin Cupcakes with Maple Pecan Frosting

These cupcakes by Nora Cooks Vegan check all the holiday boxes! They stole the show at last year’s Thanksgiving, and I’m most definitely making them again this year.

Subtly spiced with festive fall spices, they are moist and fluffy, and the frosting is sensational. Highly recommended!

Vegan Pumpkin Cupcakes with Maple Pecan Frosting by Nora Cooks Vegan.

Raw Pumpkin White Chocolate Tart

Flowers in the Salad is a joy to follow on Instagram. This Pumpkin White Chocolate Tart is but one of many stunning sweets and desserts on her website (her No-Bake Mocha Tart with Hazelnuts is another strong contender).

Raw Pumpkin White Chocolate Tart, by Flowers in the Salad

Salted Caramel Pecan Pie (Vegan & Gluten Free)

I’m addicted to dates and eat one or two with a dollop of almond butter every other day. I was blown away to discover that they make a deeeelicious and nutritious caramel (with the aid of a food processor), and this Salted Caramel Pecan Pie takes the decadence to a whole new level.

Salted Caramel Pecan Pie, by Rebel Recipes

Vegan Yule Logs

How adorable is this chocolate Bûche de Noël by Crumbs & Caramel? The vegan mushroom meringues are just too cute.

Vegan Chocolate Yule Log, by Crumbs and Caramel

Or for a spiced and snowy vibe, check out this Gingerbread Yule Log by the Little Blog of Vegan.

The Happy Pear’s Easy Vegan Christmas Pudding & Vegan Mince Pies

My American family are not at all down with the fruitcake-as-dessert thing, so before I was vegan I would just buy a miniature microwaveable version and keep my Irish customs to myself.

Yay for the Happy Pear brothers! Not only have they veganized one of my childhood favorites, they’ve also created a mini no-bake version, aaaaand my other childhood favorite–mince pies.

Still Hungry?

The internet runneth over with festive vegan recipes. For those of you who are addicted to cookbooks like I am, check out these holiday hardbacks and beautiful vegan collections for more mouthwatering inspiration!

And please feel free to share your favorite plant-based holiday recipes with me. I’d love to hear from you!

Activism for Introverts: Craftivism

The second in a series of posts exploring Activism for Introverts.

As I swelter in the heat of summer, my thoughts turn to cold, rainy days and an excuse to sit inside on a Saturday with a cosy craft project.

Since returning to reading and writing after a long hiatus, I haven’t made much time for knitting or embroidery. There are only so many scarves I can wear at one time, and there are only so many hoops I can hang on my wall.

Of course, I knit and stitch gifts for friends and family (like this floral bird I made for my mother, an embroidered portrait of my friend’s pooch Pacha, and this fox for my foxy sister).

But I’ve also begun to think about creating embroideries to raise awareness (and maybe even money) for issues, causes and organizations that are close to my heart.

A year or so after taking an embroidery class with a couple of friends, Ireland (my home country) held a national referendum around a constitutional ban on abortion. As I no longer live there, I couldn’t vote or canvass, but as a citizen and a feminist, I wanted to advocate for women’s privacy and bodily autonomy in my native home.

Along with difficult conversations on social media or over the phone with friends and family, stitching an embroidery was one way for me to articulate my support to repeal the 8th amendment. My embroidery was modeled after a controversial and contested mural by the Irish artist, Maser, which became one of the most enduring symbols of the Vote YES campaign.

Then, when the Irish people voted an overwhelming Yes to repeal the 8th, I made another embroidery to mark this incredible sea change in Irish society (the word for Yes in Irish is ). When I made it, I was thinking of the poem ‘The Cure at Troy’ by Seamus Heaney, and the lines:

History says, don’t hope on this side of the grave. But then, once in a lifetime the longed for tidal wave of justice can rise up, and hope and history rhyme.

So hope for a great sea change on the far side of revenge. Believe that a further shore is reachable from here. Believe in miracles and cures and healing wells.

At first, I didn’t think of these embroideries as a form of activism. For a long time, I held onto traditional understandings of activism and felt that I couldn’t claim to be an activist as I wasn’t doing anything hardcore, confrontational, or even particularly visible or apparent to anyone but myself. It’s taken me a long time to expand my understanding of what activism can be.

In part, these embroideries were a way to ‘say’ something when actual words failed me or made me feel so weary. Then, when staff at the Center for Disease Control were told that seven words or phrases would be banned from use in budgetary documents, I found myself furiously stitching–or stabbing–the seven words into a square of fabric, which I then turned into a Christmas card for my in-laws, along with a donation to the ACLU in their name.

I have a ways to go before I perfect being able to ‘write’ in stitches–this embroidery is not as pretty as some others I’ve made (though, when it comes to activism, that’s beside the point, of course).

So far, these few pieces have been my only overtly ‘political’ embroideries, but I’m scheming up some words and images to stitch in a spirit of compassion, consistent anti-oppression, justice, and resistance this fall and winter.

A spot of craftivism is the perfect form of activism for arty introverts.

And, if you’re anything like me, embroidery is an easy and inexpensive entry into the world of arts and crafts for those of you who are not naturally artistically gifted but looking for a crafty hobby that won’t break the bank or take too long to learn. (Not only am I an introverted activist, I am also a lazy, impatient, and broke-ass introverted activist.)

But enough about me. Below, I take a very brief look at the history of craftivism, then focus on a couple of artists–and counter-perspectives–from the movement.

A Brief History of Craftivism

The term ‘craftivism’ was coined in 2003 by Betsy Greer who defined it as so:

Craftivism is a way of looking at life where voicing opinions through creativity makes your voice stronger, your compassion deeper & your quest for justice more infinite.

Betsy Greer

Of course, the practice and spirit of craftivism long predates the word. From “spinning bees” during the Revolutionary War to suffragettes who used their needlework as a tool in their fight for equal citizenship, women have been using their knitting and sewing skills as resistance and activism for hundreds of years.

Traditionally, women were taught embroidery as a way of learning ‘feminine’ characteristics. It taught them to follow a pattern, to be neat and docile, to be inside the home rather than out in the world. You learned embroidery to advertise your marriageability. But there was no way of controlling what women were actually thinking about while they were stitching.

Craft’s Long History in Radical Protest Movements

Craftivists have turned their attention to everything from voting rights to civil rights to the pro-environment and anti-war movements. Others have written much better and more thoroughly on the topic, so rather than replicate their work, I will simply point you towards it before focusing on a couple of contemporary craftivists in particular:

Sarah Corbett & the Craftivist Collective

Though she didn’t coin the term and I was already familiar with other arty crafty activists, I came across the word ‘craftivism’ through the work of Sarah Corbett when I started reading about how to reconcile my introverted personality with my passion for justice and a desire to speak up and do something.

Sarah, a former professional campaigner and self-proclaimed introvert, is the founder of the Craftivist Collective–an inclusive group of people committed to using thoughtful, beautiful crafted works to help themselves and encourage others be the positive change they wish to see in the world.

Her first book, A Little Book of Craftivism, came out in 2013 and a more in-depth guide, How to be a Craftivist: the art of gentle protest, has just been released. I can’t wait to get my hands on both.

I also love their Craftivist Manifesto, available for free download or letter-pressed purchase in English, Welsh, Portuguese and Spanish:

In this TED Talk, Sarah discusses this quieter form of activism that uses handicrafts as a way to get people to slow down and think deeply about the issues they’re facing, all while engaging the public more gently. 

As she elaborates, repetitive stitches help you meditate on complex, messy, social change issues and figure out what you can do as a citizen, as a consumer, as a constituent: “It helps you think critically while you’re stitching away, and it helps you be more mindful of your motives. Are you about joining people in solidarity, or do you want to be the savior, which often isn’t very ethical?”

At the end of her speech, she calls upon extroverts to think about introverts, and how valuable our skills are, when planning campaigns: We’re good at slowing down and thinking deeply; we’re good at bringing out the details and nuances of issues; and we’re good at intriguing people by doing strange little things that help create conversations and thought.

For introverts, her call to action is this:

I know you like being on your own, I know you like being in your head, but activism needs you, so sometimes you’ve got to get out there. It doesn’t mean that you’ve got to turn into an extrovert and burn out, because that’s no use for anyone, but what it does mean is that you should value the skills and the traits that you have that activism needs. Whether you’re an extrovert, an introvert, or an ambivert, the world needs you now more than ever, and you’ve got no excuse not to get involved.

Sarah Corbett

Plant Posse & The Vegan Craftivist

Plant Posse is a posse of plant-powered people producing jewelry and art promoting plant pride. They donate a portion of profits to various animal sanctuaries and animal rights organizations.

One of the artists, Brittney West, resonated with me in particular. I especially love her installation ‘Into the Fold,’ composed of origami cows at a slaughterhouse, some made from meat and dairy recipes.

From ‘Into the Fold,’ an installation by artist and animal activist, Brittney West

I’m not sure if she (or any of the Plant Posse) call or think of themselves as craftivists exactly, but I was happy to happen across them when writing this post, as I envisage using my love of embroidery as a way of raising awareness about animal rights and veganism.

I wasn’t vegan when I made most of these embroideries. But as I began to extend my sense of compassion and justice to animals as well as humans, I realized that Greer’s definition of craftivism is perfect. Once again:

Craftivism is a way of looking at life where voicing opinions through creativity makes your voice stronger, your compassion deeper & your quest for justice more infinite. 

Betsy Greer

As a vegan who also cares deeply about social justice and human rights, I seek to cultivate this deep, expansive, infinite and all-encompassing vision of compassion and justice within myself and that which I bring forth into the world.

This morning I also came across the Vegan Craftivist who was creating a banner project with a hope of collecting enough vegan banners to sew together and create a flag or quilt display made up of individually crafted banners. I was excited to contribute to the project!

When I dug in a little further, however, I discovered that they have since become disillusioned by the concept of craftivism and the movement’s failure to recognize its white, heteronormative privilege. (I also realized that they are founder of the wonderful Sanctuary Publishers that I wrote about a short time ago.)

While I certainly understand these frustrations and have no doubt they are 100% valid and real, I don’t think these patterns of thinking and behavior are unique to craftivism. No activist movement, from feminism to veganism, is immune to being dominated and coopted by white people, and as a white woman I challenge myself to not only be cognizant of the fact but to actively work on dismantling my own oppressive and racists actions and behaviors.

While I of course respect this critique, as well as the decision to distance oneself from a space in which you are being silenced, as someone who is new to the practice of craftivism, I would rather learn from the movement’s mistakes than abandon the concept or practice altogether.

Artwork by the Vegan Craftivist

Clearly, there is much to think about and be critically conscious of, and I’m thankful to have come across a counter-perspective while I’m still so new to this form of activism. However (and however naively), I’m still excited to creatively express my values and beliefs through embroidery and other art forms.

Too, for me craftivism is likely to be but a small component of my activism, and I think there are times to push myself out of my comfort zone and times to integrate activism into a pastime that brings me comfort and relieves my anxiety, at least momentarily. It’s a long story, for another day, but embroidery has literally stopped me pulling out the hair on my head or picking at my skin during intense periods of stress!

As an introvert with anxiety, I believe that quieter forms of activism are valid. I agree that more disruptive, forceful, and tangibly results-oriented forms of activism are urgently necessary, but not everybody is able to commit to such actions, at least not on a substantial and sustained basis. Some people can do this, and I both admire and applaud them, but I think it’s unnecessary and impractical to dismiss certain forms of activism as inherently ineffective.

Though they may be slower and less obviously or immediately impactful, art and writing play an important part in a social change ecosystem, and I consider craftivism to be a legitimate way to express dissension and resistance to injustice and oppression–provided that your artistic practice also commits to practicing consistent anti-oppression.

Activism for Introverts: Help the Library of Congress Transcribe Suffragist Letters & Diaries

The first in a series of posts exploring Activism for Introverts.

Voter turnout in 2020 is poised to be the highest in decades, if not the century. Yet, there’s no indication as to which party will benefit from an expanded electorate. Nothing is certain, and arguably the most important form of activism we can do right now is appealing to apathetic friends and family, helping people to register, and fighting racist gerrymandering and voter suppression across the country.

At the same time, as we strive and struggle to create the kind of future we want to live in, it’s important to look back and learn from those who have fought and struggled before us.

Nearly 16,000 pages of suffragist letters, speeches, diary entries and newspaper articles are available to review and transcribe on By the People, a crowdsourcing platform launched by the Library of Congress in 2018. The goal is to make the library’s collection fully word searchable and easier to read, for scholars and lay historians alike.

Anyone can contribute and be a virtual volunteer. In an ideal world, this work would be deemed important enough to warrant it being a paid position, and I would not argue with anyone who disputes that this a form of activism and more a problematic instance of undervalued labor.

Still, as an introvert, women’s history nerd, and an avid letter and journal writer, for me this is both a valuable and interesting way to spend a small portion of my day now and then.

For you fellow literature lovers, it’s worth noting that you may also transcribe the poetry, letters and other writings of Walt Whitman (though, as much as I love his poetry, it should be noted that increasingly scholars are examining Whitman’s racism and questioning how inclusive Whitman’s vision of democratic society truly was). 

100 Years of Women’s Suffrage?

Similarly, while it’s important to acknowledge and celebrate suffragettes and women’s activism, we should not ignore the fact that the movement did not benefit all women equally. According to mainstream media and whitewashed versions of history, June 2019 marked the centennial of women’s suffrage. Yet, in fact, it marked the centennial of white women’s suffrage.

It will be 2024 before we can celebrate 100 years of Native Americans being able to vote, 2043 before we can celebrate Chinese immigrants (including women) being able to vote, and 2065 – 2065! – until we can celebrate 100 years of women of color being able to vote. And even that will be contingent on whether white people speak up and take action on discriminatory voter suppression and the erosion of this most basic right for people of color.

This is something we should care about for its own sake. As we hurtle towards the 2020 presidential election, the voter suppression stories that we’re bound to hear about aren’t just about which party will win or lose; they’re about an ongoing history of racist disenfranchisement and white people’s refusal to see what doesn’t affect us, or tendency to only care about something to the extent that it will impact us.

If we only care about voting rights in terms of strengthening the blue wave, then our concern–however well-intentioned–is ultimately rooted in our own comfort and advantage, as it always has been.

New Forms of Truth Will Arise

Nowadays, the opposition to women’s suffrage is incomprehensible to any reasonable, justice-minded person. Those who voted against women’s suffrage “stood firmly on the dark side of history, making claims about a woman’s role that would end a politician’s career today,” writes Rebecca Ruiz for Mashable

“Fighting for equality made suffragettes unpopular,” she continues. Their arguments were widely ridiculed and treated as suspect. A woman’s place was in the home, not in the voting booth or public sphere. Their subordination was natural and simply the way things are and should be.

I think of this sometimes when I try to speak up for the rights of animals and the systemic exploitation and injustices done unto them. Animals are not our property–their lives belong to them–and yet the use of these living beings as a means to our ends is seen as natural, inevitable, the way things are and should be. The fight for animal equality has little support, even amongst progressives with a heart for justice and compassion.

As an advocate for animal rights, it’s distressing and bewildering when people are unable or unwilling to recognize the truth about the systemic abuse of animals or to acknowledge it as a valid justice issue. I am not comparing women (or any human being) to animals, nor insisting that their oppression is, experientially, the same. Yet, I do believe that both forms of subjugation are rooted in similar hierarchical binary systems.

It was interesting, then, to note that some suffragettes did not limit their fight for equality to humans, but instead understood the interconnectedness between different forms of oppression. Vegetarian food fueled the British suffrage movement. As one suffragette said: “Vegetarianism aims so directly, as we women aim, at the abolition of the unregenerate doctrine of physical force.” The Vegan Feminist Network has compiled a long list of vegetarian and vegan women’s and animal’s rights activists, including British, Irish and American suffragettes.

It was comforting, too, to come across this passage in an 1851 letter from Angela Grimké to Elizabeth Cady Stanton:

The very truths you are now contending for, will, in fifty years, be so completely imbedded in public opinion that no one need say one word in their defense; whilst at the same time new forms of truth will arise to test the faithfulness of the pioneer minds of that age, and so on eternally.

Some believe that eating meat will be considered unthinkable to many fifty years from now. Fifty years is far too long to wait, but I trust that a day will soon come when opposition to animal rights will, too, be incomprehensible, and that in time no one need say one word in their defense because they will no longer be purposefully bred and killed for our profit and pleasure.

At the same time, I am reminded that I didn’t always recognize this truth myself, and that there are no doubt any number of other truths that I am reluctant to uncover and acknowledge. As Grimké wrote, new forms of truth will eternally arise to test the limits of our compassion and the consistency of our values. I strive to stay on the right side of history, no matter how unpopular or misunderstood that might make me.

Related Reading


I have long resolved the internal debate about whether I should or shouldn’t, would or wouldn’t do an MFA.

Recently, I’ve been exploring an M.A. in Humane Education but, for the time being, that’s something I’m simply wishing into the world as I don’t have the time or finances to apply at this point in time.

While life has repeatedly taught me that nothing is ever completely off the table, I don’t see an MFA in my future, but I do want to make a deeper commitment to learning the craft of writing and dedicating more time to my fiction and creative non-fiction work.

Initially inspired by my friend Annie’s DIY MFA, I set some similar intentions and decided to fashion my own ‘do-it-myself’ writing program.

I’ll update my progress and share my experiences on the blog.

The following articles and resources were also useful when thinking about how to structure my own personal program. As ever, I’m late to the party and it turns out there’s an entire book and resource website for others who are interested in doing a DIY MFA!    

Following Pereira’s motto to Write With Focus, Read With Purpose, and Build Your Community, I have structured my DIY MFA according to those three categories too. Like Annie, I will also share information on the classes and conferences I attend on my writing workshop journey. 

“First We Read, Then We Write”

The procrastinator in me is awfully fond of this quote by Emerson. I went through a long period of reading the greats and poring over every single craft book I could get my hands on, never feeling as though I was ready to really start writing. These days I take less of a ‘first I’ll, then I’ll’ approach and try to write more than I read, or make equal time for both. 

“First we eat, then we beget; first we read, then we write.” 

Emerson, ‘The American Scholar’

Craft Books  

Here are a handful of my favorite writing/craft-related works, and you can find a much longer list on my DIY MFA Goodreads shelf.  

  • First We Read, Then We Write: Emerson on the Creative Process by Robert D. Richardson Jr. 
  • From Where You Dream: the Process of Writing Fiction by Robert Olen Butler. 
  • How Fiction Works by James Wood. 
  • How to Write a Sentence: And How to Read One by Stanley Fish.  
  • Narrative Design: Working with Imagination, Craft, and Form by Madison Smartt Bell.
  • Steering the Craft: Exercises and Discussions on Story Writing for the Lone Navigator or the Mutinous Crew by Ursula K. Le Guin. 
  • The Writing Life by Annie Dillard. 
  • Three Steps on the Ladder of Writing by Hélène Cixous. 
  • Ways of Seeing by John Berger. 

The Four C’s 

I’m also intrigued by the DIY MFA guide to creating an Essential Reading List

This exercise is for writers who are actively working on a writing project and are trying to figure out how their own work fits within the existing body of literature. The point is that writers who are seriously focusing on a work-in-progress should not be reading at random, but choosing books that serve a specific and concrete function related to their own work. 

Pereira identifies four types of books that should go on your list: 

  1. Competitive Books, or your novel’s closest competition. The purpose in reading books in this category is to know what else is out there and figure out how your work-in-progress compares or can stand out. 
  2. Contextual Books, which are thematically similar to your WIP but not necessarily in the same genre or age group. This is also where you put any research books you will need to read when writing your book. 
  3. Contemporary Books, to maintain awareness of what’s new in the genre you’re writing in. 
  4. Classics, which is a super broad category and will be different for each reader. 

Part of me is skeptical about this approach as I don’t like to think in terms of competition and comparison, or get caught up in what is fashionable or likely to sell. But a part of me is open to exploring this exercise, and I’ll write an update when or if I do. 


As a freelance ghostwriter, I write for a living, and I also spend quite a lot of time writing book reviews, personal essays, and other content for this blog.

Meanwhile, I have a chronically neglected novel gathering dust in a metaphorical drawer.

What for now is simply known as “the Post Office book” will therefore be the focus of my DIY MFA.

“If there’s a book that you want to read, but it hasn’t been written yet, then you must write it.” – Toni Morrison 

I’ve already completed a ton of research, and now it really is a case of dedicating a portion of my day to working on this project that both excites and terrifies me.

While it doesn’t seem like a lot, right now I can commit to one hour a day. That’s honestly about all I can say!  

Classes & Conferences

When time and money allows, I want to take more craft-based classes in the coming year. 

In November 2018, I took a wonderful class with Michelle Ruiz Keil at the Portland Book Festival called Tarot & The Writer. 

And in March 2019, I went to AWP as it was nearby in Portland, Oregon. This was my second AWP–I travelled up to Seattle for it in 2014–and I’ve benefitted from it enormously both times. 

The conference is overwhelming in scope, and organizers need to work on improving accessibility, but I’ve found the panels to be incredibly inspiring, motivating and thought-provoking. 

Given the fact that I was able to stay at my in-laws in Portland and walk over the river to the convention center every morning, the price was really reasonable when I consider all the amazing authors and discussion topics I sat in on. For inexperienced writers who aren’t there to promote their work, I don’t personally think the conference is worth hundreds of dollars in flights, food and accommodation. But if it comes to a city near you at some point, it’s absolutely worth attending and incorporating into your own DIY MFA. 


Ooof. As an introvert living fairly rurally, this is the area I struggle with most. I miss my Portland writing group peoples, and living within walking distance of so many poetry readings and literary events. 

I’m making strides with learning how to drive (yes, I’m almost forty years old and I don’t know how to drive–it’s a long and stupid story), and once I’ve got that down, one of the main things I’m looking forward to is the freedom and flexibility to spend more time in the writing community, both in Portland and down here in the Willamette Valley.

In the meantime, maybe I’ll create some community online. If you’ve completed a traditional MFA or are cobbling together your own DIY MFA, I’d love to hear your thoughts and tips on either.